SPTS Rapier

Restrictions and Precautions


  1. Introduction
  2. Rapier module 
  3. Standard processes & usermanual
  4. Photos gallery

I. Introduction

SPTS Rapier etcher is an optimized Deep Reactive Ion Etching (DRIE) system for Silicon (Si) and Silicon on Insulator (SOI) wafers. It includes:

    • Single vacuum cassette loader – 25 wafers capacity
    • Brooks Magnatran 7 transport robot
    • A dual high density Inductive Coupled Plasma (ICP) source
    • An Electrostatic Clamping Chuck (ESC) 
    • Radio and low frequencies wafer biasing, with pulsing possibility
    • High speed digital mass flow controllers
    • Amplified optical emission spectroscopy end-point-system
    • White light interferometry end-point system
    • Powerful software with possibility of various ramping curves of all process parameters with time

II. Rapier module

SPTS Rapier module is a unique, patented dual plasma source, that offers high flexibility with multiple operating modes. 

SPTS Rapier module is fitted with two RF independent sources (up to 3kW),  and two independent gas showers (center and edge zones) for excellent uniformity at improved etch rates control.

The module includes a high-efficiency, thick dielectric, bipolar electro-static clamping (ESC) with variable clamp voltage. Temperature control ranges from -10°C to 30°C.  

Wafer biasing is possible as radio frequency (up to 2kW) or low frequency (up to 1.2kW), both with pulsing possibility and control of the duty cycle.

Chamber plasma conditioning or self-cleaning can run as wafer-less if needed.

Available process gases are 2x SF6 720sccm, 2x C4F8 500sccm, O2 300sccm & 1000sccm, Ar 500sccm, N2 100sccm. 

III. Standard processes & usermanual

ProcessAverage etch rates*Remarks

Trench 2um: 300nm/loop.

Trench >200um: 800nm/loop.
If O2 descum step: initial PR removal of 10nm/sec.
Notch on SOI <300nm.
PR etch rate 6nm/loop.
SiO2 etch rate 2.5nm/loop.
High Aspect Ratio (HAR)Hole 10um: 200nm/loop.

Trench 2um: 165nm/loop.
SiO2 hard mask required (2.5nm/loop).
Last 300nm of mask not viable because of faceting.
DRIE-NanoTrench 350nm: 150nm/loop.For sub-microns patterns.
Scallops <50nm.
Depth limited to tens of um.
OptoFrom 130nm/min
to 370nm/min.
(several recipes)
Continuous etch process.
For shallow and accurate etch.
For less than 2um deep.
SiO2 20nm/min.
Selectivity to PR ~ 2:1.
Si_Release~3um/min lateral
~6um/min vertical
Continuous etch process.
Isotropic etching of Silicon.
Oxide_RIESiO2: 235nm/min
Si3N4: 110nm/min
PR etch rate 170nm/min.
Thin layers only (<1um).
O2 cleaning compulsory.
BARCDUV42P: 78nm/min
Si: 50nm/min
Anti-reflective coating opening after DUV litho.
Wafer thinning4.4 um/min.uniformity +/- 3.5%.
* etch rates as design dependent (total surface load as well as local CD). Etch rate typically reduces with time and with increasing aspect ratio of the structure (ARDE).

Step by step usermanual

IV. Photo gallery