“Burn-out is included in the 11th Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) as an occupational phenomenon. It is not classified as a medical condition.

It is described in the chapter: ‘Factors influencing health status or contact with health services’ – which includes reasons for which people contact health services but that are not classed as illnesses or health conditions.

Burn-out is defined in ICD-11 as follows:

Burn-out is a syndrome conceptualized as resulting from chronic workplace stress that has not been successfully managed. It is characterized by three dimensions:

  • feelings of energy depletion or exhaustion;
  • increased mental distance from one’s job, or feelings of negativism or cynicism related to one’s job; and
  • reduced professional efficacy.

Burn-out refers specifically to phenomena in the occupational context and should not be applied to describe experiences in other areas of life.”

Source : OMS, 2019. occupational phenomenon”: International Classification of Diseases. World Health Organization [online]. 28 May 2018. [Accessed on 13 December 2022]

Available at : https://www.who.int/news/item/28-05-2019-burn-out-an-occupational-phenomenon-international-classification-of-diseases

True or false?

For most people, a mental breakdown is something to be ashamed of.Burnout is something that happens only to other people.
Burnout is just another excuse to take paid leave from work. People can avoid getting burned-out by taking time to recharge their batteries and switch off from work.
Burnout affects people in all jobs and at all levels of seniority.If someone gets burned-out, it’s their fault for not saying “no” and for working beyond their limits.
When people return to work after burnout, their doctor might recommend special arrangements to prevent them from relapsing.After an episode of burnout, people can’t return to work unless they have reduced responsibilities.
People who suffer from burnout are mentally weak and fragile.For someone with burnout, taking appropriate time off work is part of the recovery process.



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