In addition, the availability of neutral beam heating enables the pursuit of physics investigations in several areas of MHD (fast particle modes, Neoclassical Tearing Modes, Resistive Wall Modes), heat transport and momentum transport.
Ongoing work: Feasibility and preliminary design of heating beams for the TCV Tokamak
The injection of 1 MW Deuterium or Hydrogen beams (one injector) with energy below 35 keV would allow to access Ti/Te ratio >1 and higher plasma pressure in both L- and H-mode in high density plasmas compatible with third harmonic (X3) EC heating (simulation by ASTRA code )
The tangential double path NB alignment is considered to decrease the shine-through losses and avoid strong first orbit losses, especially at low plasma current.
A.N.Karpushov, B.P. Duval, R.Chavan, E.Fable, J-M.Mayor, O.Sauter, H.Weisen; A scoping study of the application of neutral beam heating on the TCV tokamak ; Fusion Engineering and Design, 86 (2011) 868–871 DOI:10.1016/j.fusengdes.2011.02.077