Haptic Displays and interfaces

A. Wearable haptics

We develop both kinesthetic and cutaneous haptic devices, for gloves and use of any body location.

A1. Soft wearable electrostatic brakes for gloves for VR applications, offering a highly realistic sense of grasping virtual objects by incorporating a thin-form factor clutch on each finger. Our first version is called DextrES (a collaboration with ETHZ-AIT), and the most recent version is textile based.

A2. Wearable haptics based on ultra-thin DEAS (coming soon)

A3HAXELS: Hydraulically Amplified Electrostatic Actuators for Wearable Haptics

A4. Flexible arrays of EM taxels: in collaboration with ETHZ-AIT, we have developed Magtics: flexible wearable arrays of EM taxels for on-body notification, VR, and adding haptics to everyday objects as well as Tactiles

flexible strip of 4 fast EM actuators TacTiles Teaser

B. High-resolution haptic displays

Portable and rapidly refreshed haptic displays would enable visually impaired users to use their sense of touch to interact with data, collaborate remotely, navigate easily in new environments. While similar to a Braille display, the pitch and speed are tuned to display dynamic graphics rather than text.

We develop haptic displays based on several technologies:

  • Shape Memory Polymers (SMP),
  • Latching ElectroMagnetic actuations (EM),
  • Dielectric Elastomer Actuators (DEA).

Our emphasis is on scalable approaches to enable large-area dense arrays of high-force large-stroke taxels to convey information by sense of touch for new user interface paradigms.

B1. Electromagnetic (EM) actuation

Large arrays of EM taxels: Our 12×16 latching EM haptic display consists of a matrix of small magnets held between two printed circuit boards (PCBs). A 3D printed interface is mounted on the magnetic actuators to provide a smooth and comfortable user experience.  More info and movies of our rigid EM haptic devices
12x16 EM haptic display at EPFL
a wireless 12×16 (192) array of taxels driven by an array of electromagnetic actuators. 10 ms switching time allows very fast updates

B2. Pneumatic actuation with Shape Memory Polymer (SMP) latching

We combine a single pneumatic source with a low-voltage adressable matrix of Shape Memory Polymers (SMPs) taxels to create an array of latching taxels with excellent holding force (over 400 mN). A 24×32 array is shown below.    More info on our SMP haptics devices

24x32 SMP haptic display at EPFL

24×32 (768 taxel) haptic display based on SMP+pneumatic drive on a 4mm pitch

B3. Matrix of Dielectric Elastomer Actuators with integrated flexible 1 kV TFTs

We have developed a novel way to control a matrix of DEAs by integrating flexible high-voltage thin film transistors (TFT) with each DEA. We can thus benefit from the impressive performance of DEAs as compliant actuators, while using one a single high voltage power supply for the whole display, achieving independent control of each DEA taxel by applying 30 V to the gate of its associated TFT. See the Advanced Materials paper.

16 taxel haptic display, combining flexible DEAs and TFTs, work at EPFL-LMTS