Square Kilometre Array
What is SKA ?
The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) is a large multi radio telescope project spread out over two sites that will be located in Australia and South Africa. As the next-generation radio astronomy facility, the SKA will revolutionize our understanding of the Universe, astronomy and the laws of funademental physics.
SKA will operate over a wide range of frequencies and its collecting area of approximately one square kilometre will make it 50 times more sensitive than any other radio telescope.
It will require very high performance computing engines and long-haul links with a capacity greater than the current global Internet traffic.
SKA will be able to survey the sky more than ten thousand times faster than ever before, opening a new window in radio to study transient phenomenon in the universe.
With receiving stations extending out to a distance of at least 3,000 kilometres from a concentrated central core, it will exploit radio astronomy’s ability to provide the highest resolution images in all astronomy.
The SKA will be built in the southern hemisphere, at two locations in South Africa and Australia, where the view of the Milky Way Galaxy is best and radio interference least.
The SKA will be built in two phases, with Phase 1 (2018-2023) representing about 10% of the capability of the whole telescope. Phase 1 of the SKA was cost-capped at 650 million euros in 2013, while Phase 2’s cost has not yet been established.
In 2019, the representatives of seven countries signed the treaty to establish the SKA as an intergovernmental organisation, and several other countries have expressed their intention to join the organisation. The headquarters of the project are located at the Jodrell Bank Observatory, in the UK.
SKA project key information:
Blog post from Pierre Brisson (in French): Le télescope SKA un projet pharaonique exaltant qui pose des défis à hauteur de son ampleur
Video: The SKA – A new observatory to explore the Universe