Microsurgery is a type of surgery that uses powerful microscopes, specialized precision tools and various operating techniques. It is primarily used to anastomose small (1-2 mm) blood vessels i.e. to join two vessels together so that the blood can flow though and to coapt nerves.
Microvascular and microneural coaption are used for complex repair of human tissue, organ transplantations and revascularization of the brain.
Image: Example of a microsurgical operation with an end-to-end microvascular anastomosis .
Due to the small size of the vessels, surgeons can’t feel them with their hand and also can’t see them very well because they look different when they’re magnified. So surgeons need to be skilled at judging distances and shapes, and with their hands to do the surgery correctly.
Microsurgery is a risky specialty with little margin for error. It is thus crucial to train well microsurgeons to ensure the highest quality of care and to minimize patient safety. Consequently, it’s important to measure objectively their skills so they can get feedback on how to improve.
Image: Example of an end-to-end microvascular anastomosis of a 2 mm femoral artery in a rat .
Teaching and assessment of skill acquisition in microsurgery is tricky as there are not clear and objective standards. It relies on subjective opinions of senior faculty. However, optimizing the training of future microsurgeons is of great importance and includes objective assessment of skills, learning curves, and value of various training models.
The goals of the proposed project is to add scientific knowledge on how hand position, force application and movements change during the surgeon’s trainings and to advance clinical teaching by developing an objective evaluation tool for the assessment of microsurgical competence.
The goals will be achieved through an interdisciplinary collaboration between micro-neurosurgeons at the University Hospital of Geneva (HUG), the University of Medicine and Pharmacy (UMF) of Cluj-Napoca and experts in signal processing and human modeling at EPFL.
The project is conducted by the Learning Algorithms and Systems Laboratory (LASA) at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL).
This project is in collaboration with micro-surgeons from the SFITS at HUG (Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève).
This project is in collaboration with micro-surgeons from the University of Medicine and Pharmacy (UMF) of Cluj-Napoca
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2. Chan, W. Y., Matteucci, P. & Southern, S. J. Validation of microsurgical models in microsurgery training and competence: a review. Microsurgery 27, 494-499, doi:10.1002/micr.20393 (2007).