3D KINEMATICS IN ALPINE SKIING WORLD CUP FOR INJURY PREVENTION : FIS INJURY SERVEILLANCE SYSTEMS (ISS) PROJECT
- Contact person: Kamiar Aminian
- People involved: Benedikt Fasel
- Partners: The Norwegian School of Sports Sciences – Oslo, Christian Doppler Laboratory – Salzburg, WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research – Davos
- Funding source:
The risk of injury in World Cup racing is very serious, but there is clearly a lack of knowledge and of scientific researches focusing on the interaction between equipment, course setting, snow conditions and injuries. A better biomechanical understanding of these risk factors (i.e., equipment, course setting, snow conditions) and their influence on the kinematics and dynamics of the athlete may help to adapt the safety regulations. Recently, the International Federation of Ski (FIS) decided to evaluate these risk factors in order to diminish the rate of injury by mandating different expert groups. We aim to provide a measurement tool to evaluate in alpine ski racing the risk factors equipment,course settings and snow, which have been demonstrated to be related to risk of injury.
The risk factors were evaluated in numerous GS, SG, and DH world cup races (e.g, Wengen, Kitzbuhel, Adelboden, Lake Louise, Montana) and in experimental conditions using a set of kinematic and dynamic extracted parameters.
The first preliminary results for the equipment evaluation allowed to propose safer skis constructions in GS and in DH which have more control, are less aggressive and dissipate energy.
Knee joint kinematics measurement in alpine skiing based on inertial sensors. 5th International Congress on Science and Skiing, St. Christoph, Austria, 2010..
A new method for unconstrained measurement of knee joint angle and timing in alpine skiing : Comparison of crossover and crossunder turns. 28th Conference of the International Society on Biomechanics in Sports, Marquette, USA, 2010..
A Wearable System to Time Gate Crossing during Alpine Skiing Slalom. Congress of the European College of Sport Science, Oslo, Norway, 2009..
Evaluation of Errors in Alpine Skiing Video Analysis. Congress of the European College of Sport Science, Oslo, Norway, 2009..
9th January 2012 – SF Sport Lounge (sport program) presents the measurements and the methods to assess the course settings relative to the FIS ISS project in Adelboden World Cup Race.
28th November 2011 – SF Sport Lounge (sport program) reports the rules changes for the equipment thanks the FIS ISS project and interviews the athletes concerning these rules changes.