Nevertheless, despite the mastering of space exploration and actual knowledge, the implementation of an artificial closed ecosystem, as well as viable conditions for humans, is not yet possible. One of the ENAC teaching unit thus chose the thematic “Living on Mars”, in order to have students think about extreme environment habitat from their knowledge in the domains of building construction and environmental sciences. This teaching unit, which is followed by students from the different sections of the ENAC school, architecture, civil engineering, and environmental sciences, is a pretext and an experimental field to learn about terrestrial problem solving with out-of-the-box ideas. Through the study of questions linked to the planning of a Mars station and the development of an artificial closed ecosystem, the thematic allows to promote to the students approaches towards innovative and sustainable constructions on earth.
For its 2019 edition, unlike previous years, the ENAC teaching unit “Living on Mars” participates in the international project “IGLUNA”. IGLUNA is a project coordinated by the Swiss Space Center on behalf of the European Space Agency (ESA), which thematic is “a habitat in ice”. It brings together different European Universities, each proposing one or more “demontrators” in various domains. The highlight of the project is the realization of “demonstator” stations, which will be presented in Zermatt between June 20 and 30, 2019 and open to public.