As implied by the title the orientation is focused on the urban project but does not target urban planning.
This distinction is important since the orientation ultimately addresses issues of architectural design. But in contrast to ordinary architectural design studies the discussion is not centered on the architectural object as such but rather on the territory, the landscape, the urban fabric that environs the single architecture.
The point of departure is not the individual architectural project and its inherent problems but the ‘millieu’ that embraces the architectural object. The profound studies of the environing territorial-, landscape and urban systems permits to develop architecture as an environmental object. To think of architecture as an environmental object means to question the traditional dichotomies of separation at play — figure and ground, inside and outside, autonomy and analogy. By refusing them, the orientation ‘Projet Urbain’ intends to replace separation with confrontation, and segregation with coexistence.
‘Projet Urbain’ covers a vast territory that asks for further differentiation. For this reason the orientation is constituted by two distinct research topics: Urban Culture and Urban Nature. Urban culture is mainly focused on the built urban fabric whilst Urban Nature is more oriented towards the investigation of territorial and landscape systems. Please refer to the specific descriptions of the two research topics for further information.
laba’s research topic Urban Nature has the mission to question the age-old opposition between architecture and nature — the object-sculpture and the landscape-background — in light of today’s ecological crisis. At present the idea of Nature (as something nurturing, autonomous and in continuous renewal) is put into question by both the natural and the social sciences. How can architecture contribute to this larger ontological debate? The Anthropocene has proven and doubled down on William Morris’s eminent statement that “everything except the desert is architecture”. It demands that architecture no longer stops at the threshold of the window sill or the edge of the building plot. It asks us to question the fundamental opposition between architecture and nature and to disrupt the relation of privilege between the meaningful object-sculpture in the foreground and the unconscious landscape background. Amidst wider struggles for environmental justice and nature-rights, we need ways of integrating ecology into architecture as more than just a collection of techno-engineering fixes (green roofs, solar appliances, energy efficiency plans) but moreover through the promotion of an environmental architecture as a collection of aesthetic principles and values.
|Contenu de la formation|
|Théorie et critique du projet MA1 **||Viganò||13|
|Théorie et critique du projet MA1 **||Gugger||13|
|Théorie et critique du projet MA2||Gugger||13|
|UE J : Territoire et paysage **||Cogato Lanza / Pattaroni / Villaret / Brault||4|
|UE U : Cartography **||Maçães E Costa||4|
|De la structure à l’ornement||Picon||3|
|Architecture et construction de la ville I **||Gilot||3|
|Critique du projet urbain contemporain **||Marot||3|
|Urbanisme et territoires **||Drevon / Kaufmann / Messer||3|
|Théorie et critique du projet MA2||Viganò||13|
|UE K : Architecture et durabilité : études de performances||Fivet / Rey / Karmann / Fumeaux||4|
|UE L : Art and architecture: constructing the view I||Schaerer Philipp||4|
|UE N : Art and architecture: constructing the view II||Schaerer Philipp||4|
|A Political History of Urban Form||Aureli||3|
|Architecture et construction de la ville II||Gilot||3|
|Economie spatiale et régionale||Dessemontet||3|
|Images de la nature||Mauron Layaz / Ourednik||3|
|Théorie de l’architecture VII||Marchand||3|
|Ville et mobilité||Kaufmann / Drevon / Ravalet||3|
|* Se référer à l’art. 3 al. 4 du règlement d’application.|
|** obligatoirement un des cours, tous pouvant être suivis, et obligatoirement une des unités d’enseignement et un des ateliers de projet.|