Optimized shading performance for a pleasant experience.

An important design goal is to achieve maximal shading performance with low material usage. To achieve this goal, the sizing and the orientation of elements is adapted according to their shadowing characteristics. The orientation of a hexagonal panel with respect to the incoming sunlight direction determines its relative shading capacity, defined as the area of the cast shadow on the ground relative to the area of the panel. Computational models have been developed to evaluate the shading performance and selecting the optimal orientation and size of the panels.