Issues pertaining to comfort in architecture have gained great importance in the last few decades because of their significant influence on people’s satisfaction and productivity and on the overall building energy management. Yet, despite numerous efforts in developing predictive models, human perception of comfort still poses important challenges during the design process, both at the research and professional levels.

Through human-centered experimentations and building performance simulations, LIPID contributes in the acquisition of new knowledge about the main environmental parameters that have an impact on comfort, with a major focus on thermal and visual factors. In this way, the research provides new insights into suitable design strategies and models to support the design process in achieving a comfortable and sustainable built environment.

Perception | Energy | Health


Window View Quality: Why It Matters and What We Should Do

W. H. Ko; S. Schiavon; S. Altomonte; M. Andersen; A. Batool et al. 

Leukos. 2022-07-03. Vol. 18, num. 3, p. 2055428. DOI : 10.1080/15502724.2022.2055428.

Efficient Simulation for Visual Comfort Evaluations

S. Wasilewski; L. O. Grobe; J. Wienold; M. Andersen 

Energy and Buildings. 2022. Vol. 267, p. 112141. DOI : 10.1016/j.enbuild.2022.112141.


The influence of façade and space design on building occupants’ indoor experience

L. Pastore; M. Andersen 

Journal of Building Engineering. 2021-11-19. Vol. 46, p. 103663. DOI : 10.1016/j.jobe.2021.103663.

Does glazing color influence our perception of discomfort glare from daylight?

S. Jain 

Build for Life, VELUX Daylight Symposium, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2021-11-16.

Field evaluation of thermal and acoustical comfort in eight North-American buildings using embedded radiant systems

M. Dawe; C. Karmann; S. Schiavon; F. Bauman 

PLoS ONE. 2021-10-26. Vol. 16, num. 10, p. 1-17. DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0258888.

Human thermal perception and time of day: A review

M. Vellei; G. Chinazzo; K-M. Zitting; J. Hubbard 

Temperature. 2021-10-10. Vol. 8, num. 4, p. 320-341. DOI : 10.1080/23328940.2021.1976004.

Glare assessment in a daylit workplace from a physiological perspective

S. Jain; J. Wienold; M. Andersen 

2021-09-16. Academy Neuroscience for Architecture ANFA Symposium 2021, San Diego, California, USA, September 16-18, 2021.

Raytraverse: Navigating the Lightfield to Enhance Climate-Based Daylight Modeling

S. Wasilewski; L. O. Grobe; R. Schregle; J. Wienold; M. Andersen 

2021. Symposium on Simulation for Architecture and Urban Design (simAUD), 2021.

Effect of Indoor Temperature and Glazing with Saturated Color on Visual Perception of Daylight

G. Chinazzo; J. Wienold; M. Andersen 

Leukos. 2021. Vol. 17, num. 2, p. 183-204. DOI : 10.1080/15502724.2020.1726182.

Calibration and Validation of Climate-Based Daylighting Models Based on One-Time Field Measurements: Office Buildings in the Tropics

G. Quek; J. A. Jakubiec 

Leukos. 2021. Vol. 17, num. 1, p. 75-90. DOI : 10.1080/15502724.2019.1570852.


A multi-domain data collection strategy for capturing relationships between occupant behaviour, comfort, indoor environment, and energy use in office

V. M. Barthelmes; C. Karmann; D. Licina; M. Andersen; D. Khovalyg 

2020-04-16. 11th Windsor Conference 2020 – Resilient Comfort in a Heating World, Windsor, United Kingdom, April 16-19, 2020. p. 309-322.


Daylight affects human thermal perception

G. Chinazzo; J. Wienold; M. Andersen 

Scientific Reports. 2019-09-23. Vol. 9(2019), p. 13690. DOI : 10.1038/s41598-019-48963-y.

Influence of indoor temperature and daylight illuminance on visual perception

G. Chinazzo; J. Wienold; M. Andersen 

Lighting Research & Technology. 2019-07-02. Vol. 52, num. 3, p. 350-370. DOI : 10.1177/1477153519859609.

Cross-validation and robustness of daylight glare metrics

J. Wienold; T. Iwata; M. Sarey Khanie; E. Erell; E. Kaftan et al. 

Lighting Research and Technology. 2019-03-14. Vol. 51, num. 7, p. 983-1013. DOI : 10.1177/1477153519826003.

Building energy certification versus user satisfaction with the indoor environment: Findings from a multi-site post-occupancy evaluation (POE) in Switzerland

L. Pastore; M. Andersen 

Building and Environment. 2019-01-07. Vol. 150, p. 60-74. DOI : 10.1016/j.buildenv.2019.01.001.

Low-carbon thermal inertia

A. Brambilla; C. Nyffeler; H. Gasnier; J-M. Le Tiec; A. Misse 

Exploring. Research-driven Building Design. Towards 2050; Zürich: Park Books, 2019. p. 276.

Energy performance and occupancy-based analysis of visual and thermal comfort for transmittance level and layout variations of semi-transparent photovoltaics

G. Chinazzo; Adrien Legrain; G. Peronato; J. Wienold; M. Andersen 

2019. Building Simulation 2019, Rome, Italy, September 2-4, 2019. p. 4385-4392.

Daylight and temperature in buildings: interaction effects on human responses

G. Chinazzo / M. Andersen; J. Wienold (Dir.)  

Lausanne, EPFL, 2019. 


Occupant Satisfaction in 60 Radiant and All-air Building

C. Karmann; S. Schiavon; L. Graham; P. Raftery; F. Bauman 

2018-12-12. PLEA 2018: Smart and Healthy Within the Two-Degree Limit, Hong Kong, China, December 10-12, 2018. p. 843-848.

The Effect of Coloured Glazing on Thermal, Visual and Overall Comfort Evaluation

G. Chinazzo; J. Wienold; M. Andersen 

2018-09-26. AIC Interim Meeting — colour & human comfort, Lisbon, Portugal, 25–29 September 2018.

Combined effects of daylight transmitted through coloured glazing and indoor temperature on thermal responses and overall comfort

G. Chinazzo; J. Wienold; M. Andersen 

Building and Environment. 2018-08-22. Vol. 144, p. 583-597. DOI : 10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.08.045.

Comfort, climatic background and adaptation time: first insights from a post-occupancy evaluation in multicultural workplaces

L. Pastore; M. Andersen 

2018-04-12. 10th Windsor Conference: Rethinking comfort, Windsor, UK, April 12-15, 2018. p. 814-823.

Visual-Thermal comfort evaluation and comparison: application to an open-space office

B. Boissonneault; N. Barbé; L. Prioretti 



Luminance maps from High Dynamic Range imaging: calibrations and adjustments for visual comfort assessment

C. Pierson; J. Wienold; A. Jacobs; M. Bodart 

2017. Lux Europa 2017, Ljubljana, Slovenia, September 18-20, 2017. p. 147-151.

Investigation of different subjective response scales for thermal comfort analysis: Likert-type and visual analogue scales

G. Chinazzo; J. Wienold; M. Andersen 

Perception of thermal comfort and pain – are we assessing their dynamics right?, Heidelberg, Germany, November 9-10, 2017.

Effects of visual and thermal stimuli interactions on comfort perception

G. Chinazzo; J. Wienold; M. Andersen 

7th VELUX Daylight Symposium, Berlin, Germany, May 3-4, 2017..

Discomfort glare perception in daylighting: influencing factors

C. Pierson; M. Bodarta; J. Wienold 

2017. 7th International Conference on Future Buildings and Districts – Energy Efficiency from Nano to Urban Scale (CISBAT), EPFL, Lausanne, SWITZERLAND, SEP 06-08, 2017. p. 331-336. DOI : 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.07.332.

“Our Inherent Desire for Control”: a Case Study of Automation’s Impact on the Perception of Comfort

A. Brambilla; H. S. Alavi; H. Verma; D. Lalanne; T. Jusselme et al. 

Energy Procedia. 2017. num. 122, p. 925-930. DOI : 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.07.414.

The effect of short exposure to coloured light on thermal perception: a study using Virtual Reality

G. Chinazzo; K. Chamilothori; J. Wienold; M. Andersen 

2017. Lux Europa 2017, Ljubljana, Slovenia, September 18-20, 2017. p. 273-279.

Exploring the influence of contemporary facade design on occupant satisfaction: a preliminary study in office buildings

L. Pastore; M. Andersen 

2017. PLEA 2017 Edinburgh – Design to Thrive, Edinburgh, July 3-5, 2017.

The effects of vegetation on indoor thermal comfort: the application of a multi-scale simulation methodology on a residential neighborhood renovation case study

L. Pastore; R. Corrao; P. Kvols Heiselberg 

Energy and Buildings. 2017. Vol. 146, p. 1-11. DOI : 10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.04.022.

A human-centric approach to assess daylight in buildings for non-visual health potential, visual interest and gaze behavior

M. L. Ámundadóttir; S. F. Rockcastle; M. Sarey Khanie; M. Andersen 

Building and Environment. 2017. Vol. 113, p. 5-21. DOI : 10.1016/j.buildenv.2016.09.033.

Gaze and discomfort glare, Part 1: Development of a gaze-driven photometry

M. Sarey Khanie; J. Stoll; W. Einhäuser; J. Wienold; M. Andersen 

Lighting Research and Technology. 2017. Vol. 49, num. 7, p. 845-865. DOI : 10.1177/1477153516649016.


A preliminary study on the sensitivity of people to visual and thermal parameters in office environments

G. Chinazzo; J. Wienold; M. Andersen 

2016. 9th Windsor Conference: Making Comfort Relevant, Cumberland Lodge, Windsor, UK, 7-10 April 2016.

Photovoltaics integration in the Solar Decathlon pavilion : Assessing the implication of transparent BIPV with DSC technology on the indoor comfort and energy performance

H. Y. C. Monari; G. Rueff 


Assessing the bioclimatic features of historic architecture in contemporary cities

H. Y. C. Monari; G. Rueff 


Assessing the impact of contemporary urbanization on bioclimatic features of historic architecture through a two-step simulation process

L. Pastore; P. Rastogi; S. F. Rockcastle; H. Y. C. Monari; G. Rueff et al. 

2016. Passive and Low-Energy Architecture, Los Angeles, CA, USA, July 11-13, 2016.


Sustainable Social Housing in Temperate Areas. Italy and Brazil: the use of vegetation as a retrofit strategy

L. Pastore 

Invited seminar at the Department of Architecture of the University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy, May 22, 2015.

Adaptive visual and thermal comfort

G. Chinazzo; J. Wienold; M. Andersen 

6th VELUX Daylight Symposium, London, September 2-3, 2015.


Human Response in Daylit Spaces

M. Andersen; M. Sarey Khanie; M. L. Ámundadóttir; S. F. Rockcastle 

Colour, emotion and well-being, Lausanne, Switzerland, November 21, 2013.

Lightsolve – a full-year goal-based tool for daylighting performance evaluation

M. Andersen; A. Guillemin; L. Cantelli 

2013. CISBAT 2013 – CleanTech for smartcities and buildings, Lausanne, Switzerland, September 4-6, 2013.

Human-Driven Daylighting: research perspectives and outlook

M. Andersen 

2013. 8th ENERGY FORUM on Advanced Building Skins, Bressanone, Italy, November 5-6, 2013.


Influence of shading control patterns on the energy assessment of office spaces

P. Correia Da Silva; V. Leal; M. Andersen 

Energy and Buildings. 2012. Vol. 50, p. 35-48. DOI : 10.1016/j.enbuild.2012.03.019.


The Adaptation of Daylight Glare Probability to Dynamic Metrics in a Computational Setting

S. Kleindienst; M. Andersen 

2009. Lux Europa 2009 – 11th European Lighting Conference, Istanbul, Turkey, September 9-11, 2009.


Light distribution through advanced fenestration systems

M. Andersen 

Building Research & Information. 2002. Vol. 30, num. 4, p. 264-281. DOI : 10.1080/09613210210132937.

Go to top