E. Types – Typologies

Jean Nicolas Louis Durand, Recueil et parallèle des édifices de tout genre, anciens et modernes, 1800
Presentation

The notion of typology implies a disciplinary approach to architecture, which is often identified only with the study of permanence. However, some types, such as the Haussmann building, have only existed during a given period and in a given place, but in a significant number of copies that still makes it a type. It is therefore a notion based on repetition. By type we mean a sort of matrix with blurred contours which allows buildings to be grouped into families. The corridor plan or the courtyard, for example, are types. The type is not a model to be reproduced, but all the buildings belonging to a given type, although different in form and space, share a series of common characteristics which it is useful to know. Some types, such as the courtyard building, can be considered permanent: a house in Pompeii, a medieval Persian caravanserai, a Beijing hutong, or many contemporary buildings have common characteristics. We understand that the typological approach is a cultural approach to architecture; it implies knowledge of its history since it allows us to establish relationships between buildings built in spaces of time that are far apart. It therefore takes an inclusive view of the discipline. Furthermore, it tends to question the idea that new societal problems can only be solved by new architectural inventions, by showing that although buildings can have a potentially infinite variety of forms, they are derived from a much more limited number of types, thus also demonstrating the resilience of spatial patterns. In fine, the typological view is also an invitation to invention, but a reasoned invention, which celebrates, as well as re-considers, the notion of authorship. By acknowledging the validity of certain tried and tested solutions, typology enables us to invent wisely, and to integrate individual creativity into the flow of an architectural culture considered as collective.

Eric Lapierre’s presentation, 6.9.2021

Contenu de la formation
Obligatoire
Atelier Enseignants C
Théorie et critique du projet MA1 ** Gay Menzel 13
Théorie et critique du projet MA1 ** Lapierre 13
UE    
UE U : Cartography ** Maçães E Costa 4
UE X : Experience Design ** Huang 4
Cours    
The Rise of Capitalist Urban Space Aureli 3
Architecture et construction de la ville I ** Gilot 3
Transformation, from theory to practice of change** Declerck 3
Visions et Utopies ** Braghieri 3
Conseillé
Atelier    
Théorie et critique du projet MA2 Gay Menzel 13
Théorie et critique du projet MA2 Lapierre 13
UE    
UE N : Constructing the view Schaerer 4
Cours    
Architecture et construction de la ville II Gilot 3
Caractères architecturaux et urbanismes de l’Islam Gachet 3
Projets métaphoriques : d’Archizoom à Koolhaas Gargiani 3
Urbanisme en Asie Ferrari / Graezer-Bideau 3
Urbanisme et territoires Drevon / Kaufmann / Messer 3
     
** compulsorily one of the courses, all of which can be taken, and compulsorily one of the teaching units and one of the studios.