An increasing number of scientific publishers is developing policies about sharing of research data underlying the published articles. These requirements are often included in the authors’ information or in the ethical guidelines.
Publishers can simply encourage the authors to make their data available (as for example Wiley or ACS) or mandate the data sharing as a condition sine qua non for article publication (as for example PLoS).
In this second case, the data needed to validate a publication has to be made available with no (or minimal) restrictions.
In the journal’s data policy, a repository or a data journal is often suggested to make the data available, and in some cases, an integrated data submission system is proposed within the article submission process.
The Library can provide advice on how to comply with journals’ requirements on research data, help in the interpretation of policies, and with the choice of a suitable data repository and/or data journal.
Examples of publishers’ requirements
- American Chemical Society (encouragement)
“When requested, the authors should make every reasonable effort to provide data, methods, and samples of unusual materials unavailable elsewhere, such as clones, microorganism strains, antibodies, etc., to other researchers, with appropriate material transfer agreements to restrict the field of use of the materials so as to protect the legitimate interests of the authors. Authors are encouraged to submit their data to a public database, where available”.
- Nature Journals (obligation)
“A condition of publication in a Nature journal is that authors are required to make materials, data, code, and associated protocols promptly available to readers without undue qualifications. Any restrictions on the availability of materials or information must be disclosed to the editors at the time of submission. Any restrictions must also be disclosed in the submitted manuscript”.
- PLOS (obligation)
“PLOS journals require authors to make all data underlying the findings described in their manuscript fully available without restriction, with rare exception. When submitting a manuscript online, authors must provide a Data Availability Statement describing compliance with PLOS’s policy. If the article is accepted for publication, the data availability statement will be published as part of the final article. Refusal to share data and related metadata and methods in accordance with this policy will be grounds for rejection”.